This can be done to force the cessation of its constant attacks on the Rohingya Muslim minority, the protection of civilians fleeing violence by offering refuge to Rohingya Muslim refugees, and adherence to all human rights treaties protecting refugees and stateless persons.
Advocates for the Rohingya suggest many more civilians have died in army attacks on villages, but they have not given a total.
State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said in Washington that as security forces act to prevent further violence and bring the perpetrators to justice, they should respect the rule of law and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
It also proposed a joint security campaign to drive out Rohingya militants from the Rakhina state of Myanmar.
The current round of violence was triggered on Friday when Rohingya insurgents carried out a series of coordinated attacks against 30 Burma police outposts and an army base.
The government has evacuated at least 4,000 non-Muslim villagers amid clashes that took place in northwestern Rakhine.
Their statement says they absolutely do not accept terrorist attacks and they can not accept terrorist acts in the name of Islam.
The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative has asked the home affairs ministry to withdraw its advisory on deportation of Rohingya Muslims.
"They crossed their fences inside Myanmar border and they came near to the zero line (the border between the two nations)".
Myanmar's assurances for Rohingya civilians appear to have had little effect, with a fresh influx of refugees heading to Bangladesh. There were already around an estimated 400,000 Rohingya in Bangladesh before insurgent attacks in Rakhine last October sparked brutal reprisals by security forces that led to another 87,000 fleeing Myanmar.
Thousands of Rohingya have attempted to flee the violence across the border to Bangladesh, where border guards tried to push them back, leaving many refugees stranded.
Khatun told The Associated Press that she left behind her entire family along the border in Myanmar after she lost track of her whereabouts on Friday night.
While Myanamar's government and religious leaders look forward to the visit, Buddhist nationalists have said they don't want the pope to instigate issues over a persecuted Muslim minority group called the Rohingya.
"It's burning, burning, people fleeing", she said adding she had just received reports that 14 Rohingya in one village had been killed, but as with all allegations from the cut-off area, these deaths and arson allegation were hard to verify.
The Burmese army has been accused of carrying out extra-judicial killings of Rohingya Muslims in response to clashes with insurgents.
Annan also condemned the new attacks, saying "no cause can justify such brutality and senseless killing" and urging the government to exercise restraint and "ensure that innocent civilians are not harmed".
"Many of the new arrivals are women and children including some un-accompanied and/or separated children".